There are many factors that go into making knowledgeable bets on horse racing, but one of the most pivotal is understanding the importance of horses and their pedigree. This factor is overlooked by many bettors, as they are reliant on studying the form of the runners, and their latest efforts on track.
However, when it comes to wagering on huge flat races, such as the Kentucky Derby, the pedigree plays a huge role. This is one of the only ways to find out whether younger horses have the stamina to see out the extended distances, but what is pedigree and why is it so important?
What Does Horse Pedigree Mean?
Before going into greater depth about pedigree terms, and why it is so important, it is first vital to go through what the term means. Basically, pedigree in horse racing is the lineage of the equine star, tracing the runners’ bloodline back through generations.
This information is readily available with many trusted sportsbooks and horse racing websites, and it will give a greater understanding of the performances of the horses that ran in previous generations.
When it comes to learning more about the pedigree of a horse, there will be familiar terms that bettors should get themselves used to see. The easiest place to start is the Sire, which is the father of the horse.
The Dam is then the month of the horse. Reading the pedigree is simple to understand after learning these terms, as it will often be along the lines of a horse being ‘by’. In this text, the ‘by’ would be the sire, and then when it says that the horse is ‘out of’ it will be referring to the Dam.
For example, last year’s Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Turf winner, Tuesday. She was by Galileo, and out of Lillie Langtry.
You can find more information about the pedigree terms related to racing here: edge.twinspires.com/racing/betting-info/horse-racing/
Why Is The Pedigree Important?
Pedigree is exceptionally important when it comes to flat racing, especially Classics around the world where limited information is available on selections as they have made few career starts. The Kentucky Derby is an excellent example, as it will be the first time that runners have raced over the extended distance.
Therefore, extra emphasis is put on the pedigree of the horses involved. This is the best way to find out whether the runner will be able to contend with the stamina test.
Horses that are sired by runners that have run over extended distances will always stand a better chance, while the entries whose sires have only won over seven furlongs may not be as interesting.
It is also an excellent way to find out whether conditions will suit. Punters will examine the sires and dams of potential runners and whether their best form came on a certain type of surface, and in what conditions they achieved their best ratings.
Of course, this still isn’t a full-proof way of finding winners, as there may be anomalies to the rule, but it is an excellent way to whittle down the field of most likely winners.
Most Expensive Sires
Those looking to invest will need to pay a huge amount to send a horse to the world’s most expensive sires. Following the death of Galileo, there was a gap at the top of the sire fee, but that was taken by Dubawi, who stands for a huge £250,000 in Newmarket.
However, his off-spring have already delivered some huge victories, including Group 1 winners such as Modern games, Coroebus, and Rebel’s Romance.
One of the latest big-name additions that has been sent to stud was last year’s Breeders’ Cup Classic winner, Flightline. His stud fee has been set at a massive $200,000.