Why Are My Gums Swelling?


Have you noticed some recent swelling in your gums? Nothing is as cute as baby gums but you might be giving some serious worry about what the specific cause of gum swelling could be.

This typically isn’t something to worry about too much. But if you remember the last time you had a checkup with the dentist, you may want to make an appointment to determine if there is a particular reason for gum swelling that is sending you in for a dental checkup.

If you’re interested in learning more about why are my gums swelling, please read on.

Poor Oral Hygiene

One of the most common reasons for gum swelling is poor oral hygiene. Failure to brush and floss regularly can lead to the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. Plaque accumulation can irritate the gums, leading to inflammation and swelling.

Gum Infection (Gingivitis)

Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease that occurs due to the bacterial infection of the gum tissue. When plaque remains on the teeth for too long, it hardens into tartar, which cannot be removed by regular brushing.

Tartar buildup can cause the gums to become red, swollen, and prone to bleeding. Gingivitis, if left untreated, can progress to a more severe gum disease called periodontitis.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations, such as those experienced during pregnancy or menopause, can affect the gums. Increased hormone levels can make the gums more sensitive and prone to inflammation. This hormonal gingivitis often resolves on its own after the hormonal balance stabilizes.

Nutritional Deficiencies

A lack of essential nutrients, particularly vitamin C, can contribute to gum swelling. Vitamin C is vital for maintaining healthy gums, and its deficiency can weaken the gum tissue, making it more susceptible to inflammation and infection.


Certain medications can have side effects that include gum swelling. For instance, some antihypertensive medications, immunosuppressants, and anti-seizure drugs can cause gum enlargement and inflammation. If you suspect that your medications may be the cause of your swollen gums, consult your healthcare provider for alternative options.

Allergic Reactions

In rare cases, individuals may experience an allergic reaction to oral care products, such as toothpaste, mouthwash, or even certain foods. Allergens in these substances can cause the gums to swell, along with other symptoms like the following:

  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Rash

Identifying and avoiding the allergen is crucial in preventing further swelling and discomfort.

Underlying Health Conditions

In some instances, gum swelling may be a symptom of an underlying health condition. Some medical conditions can affect the gum tissue and lead to inflammation. These medical conditions can be the following:

  • Diabetes
  • Leukemia
  • Autoimmune disorders

Aside from advice from a local dentist office, it is also important to consult other healthcare professionals to rule out any potential underlying health issues.

Why Are My Gums Swelling?

Swollen gums can be a sign of an underlying health problem, so if you’re asking why are my gums swelling and not sure what’s causing it, it’s important to speak to your dentist right away. They can assess the cause and provide further advice and treatment. Don’t delay, make an appointment with your dentist today!

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